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The The Pirate Bay

The Pirat Bay server used for file sharing. Photo: Anna Gerdén

The Pirat Bay server used for file sharing. Photo: Anna Gerdén

The Pirate Bay server is housed at the National Museum of Science and Technology since February 2009.

The server in the picture was used between 2004 and 2008 by The Pirate Bay. It was located in Stockholm and its task was to connect other computers across the Internet for file sharing.

In January 2008, the server was confiscated by the police and a preliminary investigation was begun. Later the same year, the server was returned to The Pirate Bay and in February 2009, it came to the Museum for storage.

The trial of The Pirate Bay began on 16 February 2009 in the Stockholm City Court. The verdict was handed down on 17 April 2009 — the four accused were convicted of being accessories to crimes against the Copyright Act and sentenced to serve one year in prison and to pay fines and damages to a total of SEK 30 million.

Seizure by the County Department of Criminal Investigation

The server was given a reference and exhibit number in conjunction with being seized from The Pirate Bay´s server hall in Sundbyberg.

The full proceedings report on the preliminary investigation for the case is available on the Internet by searching for reference number 0201-K101917-06.

Copying in the 1970s

Pirate copying in breach of copyright is nothing new. In the 1970s, breaches mainly comprised copying of music onto cassette tapes. The cassette tape breakthrough was in 1971 due to equipment that could reproduce the music with high quality. The format was handy, they were reasonably priced and recording onto them was child´s play.

The whole system was highly portable too. The same cassette could be played at home, in the car, or out and about, and it wasn't sensitive to bumps and jolts. The cassette tape became enormously popular. Most tapes were sold blank and used for recording music from the radio or vinyl records. The sale of vinyl records dropped at a tremendous rate. After pressure from the music industry, a state tax was introduced on cassette tapes in Sweden in the 1980s and royalties for copies in 1998.

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Senast uppdaterad: 2010-02-12

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Tekniska museet   |   Museivägen 7, SE 115 93 Stockholm   |   Tel + 46 8 450 56 00   |   Fax +46 8 450 56 01   |   info@tekniskamuseet.se