Tekniska Museet
100 Innovations - Tekniska museet

An exhibition at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm, 2012 – 2018


Ingress för att beskriva innovationen

The dynamite

An ignition device is being used for a peaceful purpose. TM34198. Photo: Ellinor Algin.

The dynamite

”Louise Adelaide” is on fire in Gäddviken in Nacka, Stockholm area. The ship exploded and burned down on the 23rd of July 1901. Photo: M. Befwe.

Kort fakta om innovationen

Kort fakta (2) om innovationen

Rubrik för små genier


The dynamite

Dynamite is an explosive compound and the ingredient that explodes is called nitroglycerine. When it is ignited the nitroglycerine is set in motion, and the result is a powerful chain reaction in the dynamite.

Nitroglycerine is a very unstable substance. Alfred Nobel succeeded in finding a way of ensuring that nitroglycerine did not fire off before intended. The trick was the blasting cap — a charge which sets fire to other explosive substances — as well as mixing a dough of nitro-glycerine and soil which contained petrified algae.

Nobel took out the patent on dynamite in 1867 and became both rich and famous. His fortune laid the foundations for the Nobel Prize. Today there are alternatives to nitroglycerine, more stable substances with the same explosive power.

Rubrik för nördar



Connect with us on Facebook to see what's on and to get offers and tips.

Tekniska museet on Facebookexternal link, opens in new window


Follow us on Twitter to get updates about our world and the wonders of Science and Technology.

Tekniska museet on Twitteropens in new window


Watch videos about science and Technology and the museum's exhibitions and activities.

Tekniska museet on YouTubeexternal link, opens in new window


See photographs from the museum's image archives on Flickr.

Tekniska museet on Flickrexternal link, opens in new window


Live streaming from the museum's nerd cafés and seminars. Watch live or in retrospect.

Tekniska museet on Bambuserexternal link, opens in new window